In the southeastern part of Turkey, two earthquakes measuring 7.7 and 7.8 on the Richter scale occurred within 9 h on 6 February 2023, causing 120,000 injuries and over 50,000 deaths. Evacuees were transferred to various secondary and tertiary hospitals as the health system and hospitals in the affected region were affected by the earthquake. Injuries were mostly caused by blunt trauma and/or prolonged bruising under rubble. The severity and pattern of traumatic injuries in earthquake victims differed from other trauma patients who were not affected by an earthquake. In addition to traumatic injuries that affected multiple body regions and systems, patients who were trapped under debris for long periods of time were also frequently found to have crush syndrome. Pulmonary thromboembolism and hypoxic–ischaemic brain injury were observed in some patients. In this review, we present the imaging findings of traumatic injuries in earthquake victims, emphasising the earthquake-related distinct injury types.