In-vivo studies in the treatment of oral ulcers with liposomal dexamethasone sodium phosphate


Farshi F., Ozer A. Y. , Ercan M., Hincal A.

JOURNAL OF MICROENCAPSULATION, vol.13, no.5, pp.537-544, 1996 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 13 Issue: 5
  • Publication Date: 1996
  • Doi Number: 10.3109/02652049609026039
  • Journal Name: JOURNAL OF MICROENCAPSULATION
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus
  • Page Numbers: pp.537-544
  • Hacettepe University Affiliated: Yes

Abstract

Liposomes are man-made organelles composed of bimolecular lipid layers enclosing aqueous compartments. Dexamethasone Sodium Phosphate (DSP) was encapsulated in MLV liposomes and served as the test solution. DSP in solution served as control. Both were labeled with Tc-99m. The rats were divided into three groups: topical application group, intramucosal injection and control group. Oral mucosal ulcers were produced by silver nitrate and was monofocal. Rats were killed at three and 24 h, respectively, after application. Ulcerated mucosa, intact adjacent mucosa and distant mucosa were excised. Biodistribution was determined by radiotracer technique in the three mucosal parts as well as in the blood, liver, spleen and brain. Liposomes increase local and decrease systemic drug concentration. Another finding was that liposomes localize the drug in the ulcerated area. In conclusion, liposomes may be useful in the treatment of oral ulcers.