TALANTA, vol.151, pp.141-147, 2016 (SCI-Expanded)
TNF-alpha is an inflammatory cytokine produced by the immune system. Serum TNF-alpha level is elevated in some pathological states such as septic shock, graft rejection, HIV infection, neurodegenerative diseases, rheumatoid arthritis and cancer. Detecting trace amount of TNF-alpha is, also, very important for the understanding of tumor biological processes. Detection of this key biomarker is commonly achieved by use of ELISA or cytofluorimetric based methods. In this study the traditional optical detection was replaced by differential pulse voltammetry (DPV) and an affinity molecule, produced by evolutionary approaches, has been tested as capture bioreceptor. This molecule, namely a combinatorial non-immunoglobulin protein (Affibody (R)) interacts with TNF-alpha selectively and was here tested in a sandwich assay format. Moreover magnetic beads were used as support for bioreceptor immobilization and screen printed carbon electrodes were used as transducers.