Test–retest reliability of the power push-up test in adolescent swimmers: force plate-derived parameters’ reliability of power push-up test in adolescent swimmers

Öztürk F., ÜNVER E., Özçadırcı A., CİNEMRE Ş. A., KINIKLI G. İ.

Sport Sciences for Health, 2023 (ESCI) identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Publication Date: 2023
  • Doi Number: 10.1007/s11332-023-01144-x
  • Journal Name: Sport Sciences for Health
  • Journal Indexes: Emerging Sources Citation Index (ESCI), Scopus, Academic Search Premier, SportDiscus
  • Keywords: Explosive strength, Force–time, Plyometric, Swimming, Upper extremity
  • Hacettepe University Affiliated: Yes


Purpose: The power push-up test can reveal significant differences in evaluating upper extremity strength. The aim of this study was to investigate the test–retest reliability of the parameters produced from the force platform of the power push-up test in young swimmers. Methods: A total of 35 swimmers (age: 15.8 ± 2.6 years) participated in this study. Flight time (FT), peak force (PF), mean force (MF), rate of force development (RFD), and impulse were analyzed from the force platform. Results: There was no difference between the two measurements for all parameters (p > 0.05). Intraclass correlation coefficient (ICC) and coefficient of variation (CV %) showed that some parameters from the force platform were highly reliable (ICC: RFD (0.94) FT, (0.96), PF (0.98), MF (0.97), impulse (0.97), CV%: RFD (50%), FT (20%), PF (17%), MF (18%), impulse (25%). Conclusion: The results of this study showed that the parameters obtained from the power push-up test performed on the force platform are a reliable tool for swimmers and can be used by practitioners by carefully interpreting them.