Pregnancy of unknown location

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JOURNAL OF THE TURKISH-GERMAN GYNECOLOGICAL ASSOCIATION, vol.14, no.2, pp.104-108, 2013 (ESCI) identifier identifier


Pregnancy of unknown location (PUL) is defined as the situation when the pregnancy test is positive but there are no signs of intrauterine pregnancy or an extrauterine pregnancy via transvaginal ultrasonography. It is not always possible to determine the location of the pregnancy in cases of PUL. The reported rate of PUL among women attending early pregnancy units varies between 5 and 42% in the literature and the frequency of PUL incidents has increased with the increase in the number of early pregnancy units. The management of PUL seems to be highly crucial in obstetrics clinics. Therefore, in the current review, issues identified from the literature related to pregnancy of unknown location, potential tools for prediction and algorithms will be discussed.