The most important component that enables electronic government (e-government) applications function is that of electronic record (e-record) management. In accordance with the e-record management strategies, all information and records produced by the state are opened to public access. By means of electronic record management systems (ERMS), record supervision becomes easy and processing time becomes shorter. E-record applications bring along the absolute necessity of accomplishing total record security, integrity and so on. That's where electronic signature (e-signature) technologies come on scene. E-signature holds an important place in terms of implementing ERMS and, in a more general sense, electronic archive (e-archive) applications securely, and in terms of legal validity. Taking this fact as a starting point, this paper is an attempt to create consciousness on the necessity of the e-record management by emphasizing its importance in the process of e-transformation. This study provides introductory information on e-government, e-signature and the relationship between the e-record management and e-government, and e-record managemnt and e-signature applications. Using the survey method, proceedings and governmental publications issued by the USA, England and Turkey between 1999 and 2006 were reviewed. It was concluded that the importance of the e-record management for e-government has not been fully appreciated in Turkey. More qualifi ed humanpower is needed during the e-transformation process to carry out the e-record management applications.