Attachment and growth of fibroblasts on poly(L-lactide/epsilon-caprolactone) scaffolds prepared in supercritical CO2 and modified by polyethylene imine grafting with ethylene diamine-plasma in a glow-discharge apparatus


Aydin H. M. , Turk M., Calimli A., Piskin E.

INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF ARTIFICIAL ORGANS, vol.29, no.9, pp.873-880, 2006 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 29 Issue: 9
  • Publication Date: 2006
  • Doi Number: 10.1177/039139880602900909
  • Journal Name: INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF ARTIFICIAL ORGANS
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus
  • Page Numbers: pp.873-880
  • Keywords: L-lactide and epsilon-caprolactone copolymers, supercritical carbon dioxide, polyethylene imine grafting, ethylene diamine-plasma, glow-discharge, cell attachment and growth, L929 fibroblast cell line, ALP activity, glucose uptake, POLYMERIC SCAFFOLDS, CELL ATTACHMENT, CULTURE, HYDROXYAPATITE, POLYSTYRENE, ADHESION
  • Hacettepe University Affiliated: Yes

Abstract

In this study, a copolymer of L-lactide and e-caprolactone (M-n: 73,523, M-w: 127,990 and PI: 1.74) was synthesized by ring-opening polymerization by using stannous octoate as the catalyst. FTIR, H-1-NMR and DSC confirmed the copolymer formation. The copolymer films were prepared and a novel method was developed to produce highly porous sponges for potential use in tissue engineering. Films were subjected to supercritical CO2 at 3300 psi and 70 degrees C to create porous structures for production of possible tissue engineering scaffolds. The pore sizes were in the range of 40-80 mu m. The copolymer films were pre-wetted with polyethylene imine (PEI) and then treated with ethylene diamine (EDA)-plasma in glow-discharge apparatus. Gas plasma surface modification of three-dimensional scaffolds fabricated by supercritical carbon dioxide technique was demonstrated to enhance cell adhesion, proliferation, and differentiation over 6 days in culture using L929 fibroblast cell line. Alkaline phosphatase (ALP) activity and glucose uptake in cell culture medium were followed in the cell culture experiments. Fibroblastic cell attachment and growth on the EDA-plasma treated scaffolds were rather low. However, both cell attachment and growth were significantly increased by PEI pre-treatment before EDA-plasma. The changes in ALP activity and glucose uptake also supported the cell growth behavior on these PEI and EDA-plasma treated scaffolds.