Purpose To determine the association between ocular biometric parameters and macular ganglion cell layer (MGCL) thickness in normal eyes. Methods This observational cohort study was conducted with 76 eyes of 76 healthy subjects. Keratometry, pachymetry, corneal volume, iridocorneal angle were measured with Sirius (CSO, Florence, Italy); axial length, anterior chamber depth, anterior chamber volume, corneal diameter were measured with IOL Master (Carl Zeiss Meditec, Dublin, California). For all participants, serial horizontal Spectralis Domain Optical Coherence Tomography (SD-OCT, Heidelberg Engineering, GmbH, Dossenheim, Germany) scans of the macula and peripapillary retinal nerve fiber layer (RNFL) analysis were obtained using SD-OCT. The relationship between numerical variables was given by Pearson correlation coefficient. Results The mean age of the subjects was 36.3 +/- 11.9 years (between 19 and 70 y). Fifty-one patients were female (67.1%) and twenty-five patients were male (32.9%). MGCL was found to be correlated with anterior chamber depth, anterior chamber volume, iridocorneal angle, axial length and white to white (p = .015 r = 0.594, p = .002 r = 0.365, p = .013 r = 0.299, p = .004 r = 0.335, p = .013 r = 0.289, respectively). In addition, MGCL was correlated positively with the mean global and superotemporal RNFL (p <= 0.005). However, neither central corneal thickness nor keratometry values were found to be correlated with MGCL. Conclusion The results of this study showed that MGCL thickness is affected by ocular biometric parameters. Therefore, these parameters should be taken into consideration when interpreting MGCL thickness measurements in the diagnosis of glaucoma.