HEAT TRANSFER ENGINEERING, vol.43, no.3-5, pp.314-325, 2021 (SCI-Expanded)
This study investigates the electrical and thermal characteristics of a cylindrical lithium-ion cell with an axisymmetric two-dimensional lumped model. The cell is completely discharged at 0.5, 1 and 1.5 C rates under 0, 20 and 50 degrees C operating temperatures. Both the open circuit voltage values and the average specific heat value of the cell are measured and used as an input to the model. The model uses the variable internal resistance approach to evaluate the voltage variation of the cell that is obtained from experimental data. A cylindrical lithium-ion cell has a spiral construction that involves multiple layers. However, these layers are assumed as a uniform material in the lumped model. The lumped model in COMSOL Multiphysics couples the heat transfer and lumped battery interfaces so it allows predicting the surface temperature of the cell during discharging processes. The experimental results point out that the operating temperature inversely affects the internal resistance and the heat generation within the cell during a discharging process. Furthermore, it is found that the capacity of the cell significantly decreases at low operating temperatures. Finally, the predicted temperature profile follows the same trend with the experimental data and is consistent at each operating condition.