© 2018, Hacettepe University, Faculty of Pharmacy. All rights reserved.Ginger (Zingiber officinale Roscoe, Zingiberaceae) is a traditional medical plant which is commonly consumed throughout the world. Although often used for food/spice, it is also taken by many patients for treatment. Its the most active ingredients are gingerols and shogaol which have strong effects. Research interest has recently increase on the anti-cancer effects of ginger. Some of the constituents present in ginger have potent antioxidant and anti-inflammatory effects while some others exhibit antitumor activity in experimental carcinogenesis. In this study, scientific researches on the place of ginger in pharmacy and its effect on various cancer types have been reviewed.