The Political Economy of the Eurozone Crisis: Competitiveness and Financialization in PIIGS

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Duman Ö.

JOURNAL OF BALKAN AND NEAR EASTERN STUDIES, vol.20, no.3, pp.211-229, 2018 (SSCI) identifier identifier


This paper analyses the fundamental reasons for the current global economic crisis in the Eurozone and PIIGSPortugal, Italy, Ireland, Greece and Spain. It evaluates the tight economic integration within the Eurozone, and scrutinizes the reasons that PIIGS were more intensely exposed to the economic crisis. It focuses on the structure of the real economy and the financial market, and outlines the levels of competitiveness and financialization across the Eurozone and PIIGS. The paper states that the reason for the economic crisis in PIIGS was not only (i) unregulated financialization or over-financialization, but also (ii) the economic and trade imbalance among the Eurozone members, (iii) the falling rates of profit in the real economy, and (iv) the failure of real profits to compensate financial profits.