A new multimodal magnetic nanozyme and a reusable peroxymonosulfate oxidation catalyst: Manganese oxide coated-monodisperse-porous and magnetic core-shell microspheres

Özcan S., Süngü Akdoğan Ç. Z., POLAT M., Kip Ç., Tuncel A.

Chemosphere, vol.341, 2023 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 341
  • Publication Date: 2023
  • Doi Number: 10.1016/j.chemosphere.2023.140034
  • Journal Name: Chemosphere
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus, Academic Search Premier, PASCAL, Aerospace Database, Aqualine, Aquatic Science & Fisheries Abstracts (ASFA), Artic & Antarctic Regions, BIOSIS, Biotechnology Research Abstracts, CAB Abstracts, Chemical Abstracts Core, Chimica, Communication Abstracts, Compendex, EMBASE, Environment Index, Food Science & Technology Abstracts, Geobase, Greenfile, Metadex, Pollution Abstracts, Public Affairs Index, Veterinary Science Database, Civil Engineering Abstracts
  • Keywords: Dye degradation, Magnetic nanoparticles, Manganese oxide, Peroxymonosulfate, SiO2 microspheres
  • Hacettepe University Affiliated: Yes


Monodisperse-porous, polydopamine and manganese oxide coated, core-shell type, magnetic SiO2 (MagSiO2@PDA@MnO2) microspheres 6.4 μm in size were synthesized for the first time, using magnetic, monodisperse-porous SiO2 (MagSiO2) microspheres 6.2 μm in size as the starting material. MagSiO2 microspheres were obtained by a recently developed method namely “staged shape templated hydrolysis and condensation protocol”. In the synthesis, MagSiO2 microspheres were consecutively coated by polydopamine (PDA) and then by a MnO2 layer in the aqueous medium. The pore volume and the specific surface area of monodisperse-porous MagSiO2@PDA@MnO2 microspheres were measured as 0.59 cm3 g−1 and 154 m2 g−1, respectively. Their Mn and Fe contents were determined as 66 ± 1 mg g−1 and 165 ± 5 mg g−1 respectively. MagSiO2@PDA@MnO2 microspheres exhibited multimodal enzyme mimetic behavior with highly superior catalase-like, oxidase-like and peroxidase-like activities. The effective production of singlet oxygen (1O2) and superoxide anion (O2−*) radicals in MagSiO2@PDA@MnO2-peroxymonosulfate (PMS) system was demonstrated by ESR spectroscopy. By evaluating this property, MagSiO2@PDA@MnO2 microspheres were tried as a reusable catalyst for dye removal via peroxymonosulfate (PMS) activation in batch experiments for the first time. The degradation runs were made with, rhodamine B (Rh B), methyl orange (MO) and methylene blue (MB) as the pollutant. The core-shell type design allowing the deposition of porous MnO2 layer onto a large surface area provided very fast, instant removals with all dyes, via both physical adsorption and degradation via PMS activation. In the reusability experiments, the removal yields of MO and Rh B decreased 1.8% and 8.9% over five consecutive runs in batch fashion. MagSiO2@PDA@MnO2 microspheres exhibited very good functional and structural stability in consecutive dye degradations. No significant change was observed in Fe content of microspheres while Mn content exhibited a decrease of 7.4% w/w over 5 consecutive degradation runs.