An Outsider From the Journal "Kadro" & An Example on Left-Kemalism: Sadri Etem and his "Characteristics of Turkish Revolution"


CTAD-CUMHURIYET TARIHI ARASTIRMALARI DERGISI, vol.8, no.15, pp.151-172, 2012 (ESCI) identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 8 Issue: 15
  • Publication Date: 2012
  • Journal Indexes: Emerging Sources Citation Index (ESCI), TR DİZİN (ULAKBİM)
  • Page Numbers: pp.151-172
  • Hacettepe University Affiliated: Yes


The year 1933 caused a devastating result for Europe such as the revanchist Nazis' coming to power in defeated Germany. Thus the main picture was drawn in the old continent where the dictatorships had been recently developing. Turkey was not an exception as depriving of democracy in this picture where the global negative effects of the Great Depression of 1929 still continued. A comparison of Turkish single party regime and the European dictatorships would be interesting to analyse. Their main similarity is their resistance on not recognizing a legal status to the opposition figures. The attempt of establishing a free party, ended within three months, is a tragicomic exception of that. Another similarity of them is their belief in projects rather than thought such as purification of the German race, production of " proleterian" wheat, five-year development plans and so forth. This is for the reason that the main desire of the journalists of "Kadro" was to to doctrinize the Turkish revolution. This is also for the reason that the story-writer Sadri Etem (1900-1943), who was ten years younger then others, wrote his book entitled Turky nkilabinin Karakterleri (1933) and it was published in the goverment printing house. Both Kemalist comments dominantly contain historical materialism and a left perspective mainly on economism. This left perspective indicates the policy of state control in real terms and is harshly against the liberalism. Apart from this left terminology, Etem saw the Turkish revolution as a salvation from an old theoctatic-scholastic regime, end of chronic power of landlords, and establishment of a national-modern state. For this reason it is possible to see Sadri Etem's book as one of the primary examples of left-Kemalism emerged in 1960's in journals such as Yn and Devrim.