The relationships between pubertal development, IGF-1 axis, and bone formation in healthy adolescents

Kanbur N., Derman O., Kinik E.

JOURNAL OF BONE AND MINERAL METABOLISM, cilt.23, sa.1, ss.76-83, 2005 (SCI İndekslerine Giren Dergi) identifier identifier identifier

  • Yayın Türü: Makale / Tam Makale
  • Cilt numarası: 23 Konu: 1
  • Basım Tarihi: 2005
  • Doi Numarası: 10.1007/s00774-004-0544-9
  • Sayfa Sayıları: ss.76-83


As IGF-1 is the major factor that affects bone growth, and both osteocalcin and bone-specific alkaline phosphatase are important markers of bone formation during puberty, there must be a relationship between these markers that does not change according to sex. The aim of this study was to investigate the relationships between pubertal development, the IGF-1 axis, and bone formation in healthy adolescents. Two hundred and five healthy children and adolescents were included in this cross-sectional study. Tanner's classification was used to determine the pubertal developmental stage. Serum IGF-1 levels and IGF-1/IGFBP-3 ratios increased with advancing pubertal stages, and maximum mean values were found at stages III-IV in girls and at stage IV in boys. Serum IGF-1 and IGFBP-3 levels were significantly correlated with osteocalcin and bone-specific alkaline phosphatase levels in boys, but not in girls. This difference between the sexes, and the relation of the IGF-1 axis to increased bone formation during puberty in both sexes, can be explained by the rate of increase of the IGF-1/IGFBP-3 ratio. We conclude that the timing of the increased bone formation rate during puberty; that is, the timing of the pubertal growth spurt, is determined by the maximum increase rate of the IGF-1/IGFBP-3 ratio. But this new hypothesis needs to be supported by longitudinal studies.