JOURNAL OF CHILDRENS ORTHOPAEDICS, vol.7, no.1, pp.69-76, 2013 (ESCI)
The purpose of surgery for adolescent idiopathic scoliosis, which characteristically includes thoracic hypokyphosis and all three columns of the spine, is the achievement of a balanced spine while preserving as many motion segments as possible and avoiding neurologic damage. Many approaches have been defined in the treatment of this common disease. Posterior-only surgery, instrumentation and fusion have become the preferred technique in many centers throughout the world due to simplicity of approach, decreased risk of certain complications and the correction power of pedicle screws. This review attempts to summarize the advantages and disadvantages related to posterior instrumentation and fusion in adolescent idiopathic scoliosis.