Effects of end-expiratory lung volume versus PaO2 guided PEEP determination on respiratory mechanics and oxygenation in moderate to severe ARDS

Rollas K., Hanci P., Topeli A.

Experimental Lung Research, vol.48, no.1, pp.12-22, 2022 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 48 Issue: 1
  • Publication Date: 2022
  • Doi Number: 10.1080/01902148.2021.2021326
  • Journal Name: Experimental Lung Research
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus, Academic Search Premier, BIOSIS, CAB Abstracts, EMBASE, MEDLINE, Veterinary Science Database
  • Page Numbers: pp.12-22
  • Keywords: Acute respiratory failure, functional residual capacity, gas exchange, mechanical ventilation, oxygenation
  • Hacettepe University Affiliated: Yes


© 2021 Taylor & Francis Group, LLC.Background: There is no ideal method for determination of positive end-expiratory pressure (PEEP) in acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) patients. We compared the effects of end-expiratory lung volume (EELV)-guided versus PaO2-guided PEEP determination on respiratory mechanics and oxygenation during the first 48 hours in moderate to severe ARDS. Methods: Twenty-two patients with moderate to severe ARDS admitted to an academic medical ICU were assigned to PaO2-guided (n = 11) or to EELV-guided PEEP determination (n = 11) group. First, an incremental PEEP trial was performed by increasing PEEP by 3 cmH2O steps from 8 to 20 cmH2O and in each step EELV and lung mechanics were measured in both groups. Then, oxygenation and respiratory mechanics were measured under the determined PEEP at 4, 12, 24, and 48th hours. Results: After the incremental PEEP trial, over the 48 hours of the study period, in the EELV-guided group PaO2 and PaO2/FiO2 increased (p = 0.04 and p = 0.02; respectively), whereas they did not change in PaO2-guided group (p = 0.09 and p = 0.27; respectively). In all patients, the median value of EELV change (ΔEELV) during incremental PEEP trial was 25%. In patients with ΔEELV > 25% (n = 11) PaO2, PaO2/FiO2 and Cs increased over time in 48 hours (p = 0.03, p < 0.01, and p = 0.04; respectively), whereas they did not change in those with ΔEELV ≤ 25% (n = 11) (p = 0.73, p = 0.51, and p = 0.73; respectively). Conclusion: Compared to PaO2-guided PEEP determination, EELV-guided PEEP determination resulted in greater improvement in oxygenation over time. Patients who had > 25% improvement in EELV during a PEEP trial had greater improvement in oxygenation and compliance over 48 hours. Supplemental data for this article is available online at.