Aim.To evaluate the oral health status, oral health related habits and halitosis of children with and without type 1 diabetes.Materials and methods.In this study the oral health status of children with and without type 1 diabetes were evaluated by using different indices (dmft/DMFT, International Caries Detection and Assessment System(ICDAS) II, pufa, gingival and periodontal indices). Halitosis was determined by organoleptic assessment and sulfur monitoring.Results.One hundred children with the age range between 6-13 years, 50 type 1 diabetics (24 boys,26 girls) with mean age (+/- sd) of 10.3 +/- 2.1 years and 50 healthy (30 boys, 20 girls) with mean age (+/- sd) of 9.9 +/- 1.5 years, participated in the study. The median values of dmft and dmfs was lower in children with type 1 diabetes, while for DMFT and DMFS indices were similar with the healthy group. Cavitated caries lesions were observed in 60.0% of children with diabetes and in 58.0% of healthy children. According to the ICDAS II index, 42.0% of children with diabetes and 56.0% of healthy children had severe decay. The mean plaque index was statistically significantly less in diabetic children (p = 0.04). In 12.0% of children with type 1 diabetes and in 18.0% of healthy children, volatile sulfur compounds (VSC) were determined to be >= 150 ppb and the most diagnosed score was 1 in both groups. In diabetic children with the cut off value of 7.5% HbA1c, there was no statistically significant difference in oral health indices results and VSC scores.Conclusion.Findings of the present study are insufficient to support a significant effect of diabetes on increasing the risk of oral and periodontal diseases. Nonetheless, it is important to emphasize the importance of oral and dental health, regular oral care and dental visits both to the patients with type 1 diabetes and their parents.