Endocannabinoid metabolism inhibition ameliorates ovalbumin-induced allergic airway inflammation and hyperreactivity in Guinea pigs


Abohalaka R., KARAMAN Y., REÇBER T., ÖNDER S. Ç. , NEMUTLU E., BOZKURT T. E.

LIFE SCIENCES, vol.306, 2022 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 306
  • Publication Date: 2022
  • Doi Number: 10.1016/j.lfs.2022.120808
  • Journal Name: LIFE SCIENCES
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus, Academic Search Premier, BIOSIS, CAB Abstracts, Chimica, EMBASE, MEDLINE, Veterinary Science Database
  • Keywords: Asthma, FAAH, MAGL, Lung, Allergy, CANNABINOID RECEPTORS, ACTIVATION, DISEASES, ASTHMA, MODEL
  • Hacettepe University Affiliated: Yes

Abstract

Aims: Endocannabinoids are biologically active cannabinoid-related substances endogenously synthesized in many mammalian tissues. Mainly two enzymes carry out their degradation; Fatty Acid Amide Hydrolase (FAAH) and Monoacylglycerol Lipase (MAGL). Endocannabinoids are shown to affect the modulation of inflammatory processes and airway responsiveness. In the present study, we investigated the effects of FAAH and MAGL in-hibitor treatments in experimental allergic airway inflammation in guinea pigs.Materials and methods: Guinea pigs were sensitized and challenged by ovalbumin to induce an allergic asthma model. Then, the effects of FAAH inhibitor URB597, MAGL inhibitor JZL184, and dual (FAAH/MAGL) inhibitor JZL195 on airway inflammation and hyperreactivity were evaluated.Key findings: Ovalbumin challenge increased airway reactivity, IgE in serum, IL-4, and IL-13, and the percentage of eosinophils in bronchoalveolar lavage (BAL). In addition, inhibition of FAAH or MAGL enzymes leads to an increase in endocannabinoid levels. The selective inhibition of the FAAH enzyme prevented inflammation in-dicators such as cytokine production and inflammatory cell infiltration but had a negligible effect on airway hyperreactivity. However, the inhibition of the MAGL enzyme or dual inhibition of both FAAH and MAGL en-zymes tent to moderate both pulmonary inflammation and airway hyperreactivity.Significance: We have previously demonstrated that modulation of endocannabinoid levels in the airways by FAAH or MAGL inhibition can be useful in preventing acute lung inflammation. The results of the present study further suggest that FAAH and MAGL inhibitor treatment can also be a promising strategy for bronchial hy-perreactivity and airway inflammation in allergic asthma.