The descending branch of the superficial circumflex artery supplying anteromedial thigh skin

Safak T., Akyurek M.

PLASTIC AND RECONSTRUCTIVE SURGERY, vol.114, no.5, pp.1118-1122, 2004 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier identifier


This report presents an extended groin flap design that consists of a conventional skin paddle in the groin region and a vertical extension in the anteromedial thigh region, based on the Superficial iliac circumflex artery and an unnamed descending branch, respectively. The interior branch of the superficial iliac circumflex artery that supplies the thigh extension of the flap, spanning approximately the upper half of the thigh region, was found to originate approximately 2 cut front the origin Of the superficial iliac circumflex artery. A total of six free and four local flaps were used in 10 patients with ages ranging front 10 to 60 years (average, 45 years). There were six male and four female patients. The free flaps were required for total facial resurfacing, through-and-through cheek detect, and burn scar contractures and traumatic defects of the lower extremity. The local flaps were used for reconstruction of scrotum defect, trochanteric decubitus ulcer, and lower abdominal skin and fascia defects. All 10 flaps survived completely. The groin flap with anteromedial thigh extension offers the following advantages: ( 1) it is very easy and quick to elevate; (2) a significantly increased volume of tissue is available for reconstruction, based on one axial vessel and being completely reliable; (3) the flap offers two skin paddles that, are independently mobile; (4) there is no need for positional change and a two-team approach is possible; and (5) it can be raised as a vertical skin island only. The authors conclude that the groin flap with anteromedial thigh extension is a useful modification for reconstruction of both distant and local defects.