Changes of oxygen saturation in patients with pure temporal lobe epilepsy


Arslan G. A. , Erkent I., SAYGI S., TEZER FİLİK F. İ.

SEIZURE-EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF EPILEPSY, vol.100, pp.30-35, 2022 (Peer-Reviewed Journal) identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 100
  • Publication Date: 2022
  • Doi Number: 10.1016/j.seizure.2022.06.007
  • Journal Name: SEIZURE-EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF EPILEPSY
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded, Scopus, CINAHL, EMBASE, MEDLINE, Psycinfo
  • Page Numbers: pp.30-35
  • Keywords: Epilepsy, Seizure, Temporal lobe epilepsy, Saturation, Hypoxemia, SUDEP, GENERALIZED EEG SUPPRESSION, SUDDEN UNEXPECTED DEATH, ICTAL CHANGES, RISK-FACTORS, SEIZURES, LOCALIZATION, HYPOXEMIA, SEVERITY

Abstract

Purpose: Ictal hypoxemia is accepted as one of the mechanisms underlying sudden unexpected death in epilepsy (SUDEP). Although ictal hypoxemia is more common in generalized seizures, it also occurs in focal seizures with or without generalization. In this study, we aimed to show the relationship between clinical and electroencephalographic findings of seizures in patients with temporal lobe epilepsy (TLE) with periictal oxygen saturation. Methods: The data of 55 adult patients who were hospitalized in the Video EEG Monitoring Unit (VEMU) and operated on for drug-resistant TLE between January 2017 and December 2020 were examined. Forty-five seizures from 21 patients with ictal peripheral arterial saturation information and that were seizure-free for at least a year during the follow-up were included in the study. Results: The median patient age was 28 (IQR 25-39.5) years (women: 9, men: 12). Age at epilepsy onset was negatively correlated with saturation at seizure onset. Moreover, the age at VEMU admission was also negatively correlated with saturation at seizure onset and the lowest levels of saturation. The saturation at the end of the seizures and the lowest saturation measured in the periictal period with generalization of EEG were significantly lower than those without generalization. The onset of ictal EEG with the rhythmic theta pattern was significantly associated with the lowest level of saturation (<90%), postictal generalized electroencephalographic suppression (PGES), and the presence of generalization. Conclusion: According to the study, rhythmic ictal theta activity, older age, nocturnal seizure, and generalization in ictal EEG might increase the potential risk of SUDEP. Further studies including a greater number of subjects and different epilepsy syndromes may provide more comprehensive information about potential biomarkers for SUDEP.