Anatomic acetabular reconstruction with femoral head autograft for developmental dysplasia of the hip (DDH) with a minimum follow-up of 10 years


GÜNEŞ Z., Bekmez S., ÇAĞLAR Ö., TOKGÖZOĞLU A. M. , ATİLLA B.

HIP INTERNATIONAL, 2022 (Peer-Reviewed Journal) identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Publication Date: 2022
  • Doi Number: 10.1177/11207000221099580
  • Journal Name: HIP INTERNATIONAL
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded, Scopus, Academic Search Premier, Aerospace Database, CINAHL, Communication Abstracts, EMBASE, MEDLINE, Metadex, Civil Engineering Abstracts
  • Keywords: Acetabular reconstruction, coxarthrosis, developmetal dysplasia of the hip, femoral head autografting, BONE-GRAFTS, CONGENITAL DISLOCATION, AUTOGENOUS GRAFTS, UNCEMENTED CUPS, SHELF GRAFTS, ARTHROPLASTY, REPLACEMENT, DEFICIENCY, COMPONENT, REVISION

Abstract

Background: DDH with coxarthrosis causes significant deformity and bone deficiency. Various reconstructive techniques have been proposed to treat developmental dysplasia of the hip. However, the existing literature has not yet reached a consensus on the best technique regarding long-term survival. Objectives: This study aims to evaluate the long-term survival of uncemented hydroxyapatite (HA) coated acetabular components augmented with a femoral head autograft. Methods: We retrospectively reviewed the cases of 31 hips in 29 patients (24 female, 5 male, mean age 45.06 years) treated with HA-coated cementless components and femoral head autograft between 2000-2008 with a minimum follow-up of 10 years. Graft resorption, cup loosening and the anatomical hip centre were determined. Functional outcomes were calculated using the Harris Hip Scoring system. The survival of the acetabular component was evaluated using the Kaplan-Meier method. Results: In 24 hips (77,4%), we reconstructed the hip centre anatomically. The remaining cups had variable deviations from the anatomical rotation centre. Only one patient required revision due to loosening. Survival analysis revealed 96.8% survival at 10 years. The mean Harris Hip Score was 39.23 preoperatively and 84.77 at final follow-up. There was no statistical correlation between revision and any of the measured parameters. Discussion: Acetabular reconstruction with a femoral head autograft allows for anatomical cup positioning, early structural support and increases bone stock for future revisions. Although our prior cemented cup study showed that anatomical cup orientation is critical, this study demonstrated the absence of a correlation between implant failure and cup positioning, suggesting that HA-coated cementless cups are more stable and forgiving. Conclusions: HA-coated acetabular cups augmented with femoral head autograft provided long-term, reliable and durable cup fixation in dysplastic hips of young adults.