In this study, thirteen 3- hydroxy-6- methyl -2-substituted 4H-pyran-4-one derivatives were synthesized for the evaluation of their potential anticonvulsant activity. Mannich bases were prepared by the reaction of substituted piperazine derivatives with allomaltol and formaline. The structures of the synthesized compounds were confirmed by IR, H-1-NMR and elemental analysis. Their anticonvulsant activities were determined in vivo by maximal electroshock (MES), subcutaneous Metrazol (scMet), and rotorod toxicity tests for neurological deficits. The antimicrobial activities of the synthesized compounds were investigated in vitro against some bacteria and fungi using the microdilution broth method. According to the activity studies, 3-hydroxy-6-methyl-2-[4-(2-trifluoromethyl-phenyl)-piperazin-1 -ylmethyl]-4H-pyran-4-one (3i) was the compound determined to be most active in the scMet test for all doses at four hours and for the 300 mg/kg dose at half an hour. 2-[4-(4-Chloro-phenyl)-piperazin-1-ylmethyl]-3-hydroxy-6methyl-4H-pyran-4-one (3f) was found to be protective against MES whereas 2-chlorophenyl derivative (3e) was not. Looking at the antifungal activity results, compounds 3b, 3h, and 3i were determined to have activity against all fungi.