Duraplasty with autologous cervical fascia in pediatric posterior fossa tumor surgery: a single-center experience with 214 cases


Child's Nervous System, 2024 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Publication Date: 2024
  • Doi Number: 10.1007/s00381-024-06351-6
  • Journal Name: Child's Nervous System
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus, Academic Search Premier, BIOSIS, EMBASE, MEDLINE
  • Keywords: Autologous, Cervical fascia, Complications, Duraplasty, Graft, Pediatric, Posterior fossa surgery
  • Hacettepe University Affiliated: Yes


Purpose: Posterior fossa surgeries for pediatric tumors pose challenges in achieving optimal dural repair and duraplasty is usually required. Autografts, allografts, xenografts, and synthetic substitutes can be used for duraplasty. Autologous cervical fascia can be a safe and reliable graft option for duraplasty after posterior fossa surgeries. This study aims to investigate the outcomes of duraplasty with autologous cervical fascial graft in children after posterior fossa surgery for pediatric brain tumors. Methods: Pediatric patients with posterior fossa tumor who underwent surgery between March 2001 and August 2022 were retrospectively reviewed. Data on demographics, preoperative symptoms, diagnosis, tumor characteristics, hydrocephalus history, and postoperative complications, including cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) leakage, pseudomeningocele, and meningitis were collected. Logistic regression analysis was performed to explore risk factors for postoperative complications. Results: Patient cohort included 214 patients. Autologous cervical fascia was used in all patients for duraplasty. Mean age was 7.9 ± 5.3 years. Fifty-seven patients (26.6%) had preoperative hydrocephalus and 14 patients (6.5%) received VPS or EVD perioperatively. Postoperative hydrocephalus was present in 31 patients (14.5%). Rates of CSF leak, pseudomeningocele, and meningitis were 4.2%, 2.8%, and 4.2% respectively. Logistic regression analysis revealed that postoperative EVD and VPS placement were the factors associated with postoperative complications. Conclusion: Autologous cervical fascia is a safe and reliable option for duraplasty with minimal risk of postoperative complications. The straightforward surgical technique and with no additional cost for harvesting the graft renders autologous cervical fascia a favorable alternative for resource-limited countries or surgical settings.