International Journal of Biological Macromolecules, vol.201, pp.351-363, 2022 (SCI-Expanded)
© 2022 Elsevier B.V.Here, one-pot labor-less preparation of two different polygalacturonic acid (PGA) micro/nanogel formulations, PGA-1 and PGA-2, by respectively crosslinking the PGA chains with divinyl sulfone (DVS) and trimethylolpropane triglycidyl ether (TMPGDE) were reported. Various crosslinker ratios, 2.5, 10, 50, and 100% were used for both crosslinkers to demonstrate the tunability of their degradation properties. The PGA micro/nanogels were found spherical-shaped porous particles in 0.5–5.0 μm size range by SEM. The hydrolytic degradation and stability of PGA micro/nanogels in pH 1.0, 7.4, and 9.0 buffer solutions can be controlled by changing the degree of crosslinking. Accordingly, 32 ± 8% and 36 ± 2% weight losses were attained for PGA-1-10% and PGA-2-10% micro/nanogels at pH 1, respectively, and 46 ± 6%, and 68 ± 6% degradations were determined at pH 7.4 within 4 weeks. However, no degradation was observed for both PGA-based micro/nanogel formulations prepared at 25% and 100% crosslinker ratios at all pH conditions. All PGA-based micro/nanogels were totally degraded within 7–10 days at pH 9.0. In the presence of pectinase and amyloglucosidase enzymes, all formulations of PGA micro/nanogels showed more than 80% degradation within 12 h. Furthermore, both PGA formulations showed no significant cytotoxicity against L929 fibroblast cells with 90% and above cell viability up to 250 mg/mL concentrations.