JOURNAL OF INVESTIGATIONAL ALLERGOLOGY AND CLINICAL IMMUNOLOGY, vol.13, no.3, pp.216-217, 2003 (SCI-Expanded)
Food allergy (hypersensitivity) is a form of adverse food reaction caused by an immunological response to a particular food. IgE-mediated food allergy is responsible for most immediate-type food-induced hypersensitivity reactions. The prevalence of food allergy in the general population, not including oral allergy syndrome, is about 1-2%. While adults might tend to be allergic to fish, crustaceans, peanuts, and tree nuts, children, on the other hand, tend to be allergic to cow's milk, egg white, wheat, and soy. Food is the most common eliciting factor of anaphylaxis (45%), followed by drugs (29%), and insect stings (21%). Our study describes a 3 1/2-year-old boy who is allergic to fish consumed via ingestion and inhalation. This case is a good example of how easily people with food allergies can unintentionally consume foods to which they allergic, and is a clear demonstration of the dangers of such effects.