A new approach to time-load-deformation-stress hypersurface of rocks to stability analysis of underground openings

Aksoy C. O., Uyar G. G., Şafak S.

ARABIAN JOURNAL OF GEOSCIENCES, vol.11, 2018 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier


The most important developments in rock engineering are about time-dependent deformation behavior of rocks under different loads. Many studies have been done for the purpose of identifying mathematically time-load-deformation (TLD) characteristics of the rocks. These studies have made an important contribution to the research on the stability of constructions built in rock masses, and rock material is the main part of the rock mass in which the engineering constructions. When considered from this point of view, the time-dependent deformation behavior of the rocks under different loads is important to determine unstable conditions of the rock constructions in the long term. Researches in rock masses use surfaces based on TLD data. On the other hand, the strength of the rock is also part of these analyzes. The new model developed in this study has four variables such as time, load, deformation, and strength. Therefore, TLD surfaces developed for time-load-deformation has been associated with another variable and three-component (TLD) surfaces eventually transformed into four-component (time-load-deformation-strength; TLDS) hypersurfaces. Hypersurfaces, which illustrate new TLDS behaviors of the rocks, developed in underground openings in different rock constructions in different areas. It is thought that the TLDS hypersurfaces will especially be contributed to the numerical modeling studies of rock construction analysis.