Tuning the Cell-Adhesive Properties of Two-Component Hybrid Hydrogels to Modulate Cancer Cell Behavior, Metastasis, and Death Pathways

Isik M., Okesola B. O., Eylem C. C., Kocak E., NEMUTLU E., EMREGÜL E., ...More

BIOMACROMOLECULES, vol.23, no.10, pp.4254-4267, 2022 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 23 Issue: 10
  • Publication Date: 2022
  • Doi Number: 10.1021/acs.biomac.2c00733
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus, Academic Search Premier, PASCAL, BIOSIS, Biotechnology Research Abstracts, Chemical Abstracts Core, Chimica, Compendex, EMBASE, MEDLINE
  • Page Numbers: pp.4254-4267
  • Hacettepe University Affiliated: Yes


This work presents a polysaccharide and protein-based two-component hybrid hydrogel integrating the cell-adhesive gelatin-tyramine (G-Tyr) and nonadhesive hyaluronic acid-tyramine (HA-Tyr) through enzyme-mediated oxidative coupling reaction. The resulting HA-Tyr/G-Tyr hydrogel reflects the precise chemical and mechanical features of the cancer extracellular matrix and is able to tune cancer cell adhesion upon switching the component ratio. The cells form quasi-spheroids on HA-Tyr rich hydrogels, while they tend to form an invasive monolayer culture on G-Tyr rich hydrogels. The metastatic genotype of colorectal adenocarcinoma cells (HT-29) increases on G-Tyr rich hydrogels which is driven by the material's adhesive property, and additionally confirmed by the suppressed gene expressions of apoptosis and autophagy. On the other hand, HA-Tyr rich hydrogels lead the cells to necrotic death via oxidative stress in quasi-spheroids. This work demonstrates the ideality of HA-Tyr/G-Tyr to modulate cancer cell adhesion, which also has potential in preventing primary metastasis after onto-surgery, biomaterials-based cancer research, and drug testing.