Hedging static saliency models to predict dynamic saliency

Kavak Y., Erdem E., Erdem A.

SIGNAL PROCESSING-IMAGE COMMUNICATION, vol.81, 2020 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 81
  • Publication Date: 2020
  • Doi Number: 10.1016/j.image.2019.115694
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus, Academic Search Premier, Aerospace Database, Applied Science & Technology Source, Communication Abstracts, Compendex, Computer & Applied Sciences, INSPEC, Metadex, Civil Engineering Abstracts
  • Hacettepe University Affiliated: Yes


In recent years, many computational models for saliency prediction have been introduced. For dynamic scenes, the existing models typically combine different feature maps extracted from spatial and temporal domains either by following generic integration strategies such as averaging or winners take all or using machine learning techniques to set each feature's importance. Rather than resorting to these fixed feature integration schemes, in this paper, we propose a novel weakly supervised dynamic saliency model called HedgeSal, which is based on a decision-theoretic online learning scheme. Our framework uses two pretrained deep static saliency models as experts to extract individual saliency maps from appearance and motion streams, and then generates the final saliency map by weighted decisions of all these models. As visual characteristics of dynamic scenes constantly vary, the models providing consistently good predictions in the past are automatically assigned higher weights, allowing each expert to adjust itself to the current conditions. We demonstrate the effectiveness of our model on the CRCNS, UCFSports and CITIUS datasets.