An annotated list of the Meloidae family in Turkey and a zoogeographical study is presented. The Turkish fauna consists of two subfamilies, 23 genera, and 177 species. The Eastern Anatolia region was found to be the most diverse with 98 species. The fauna of the Aegean and Marmara regions of Turkey share the most similarities compared to other regions. Overall, the Turkish Meloidae fauna is more similar to that of Syria than to that of other adjacent countries. As a result of the evaluations, it is evident that Cerocoma dahli Kraatz, 1863, C. kunzei Frivaldszky von Frivald, 1835, C. scovitzi intermedia Maran, 1944, C. ephesica Reitter, 1885, Hycleus zebraeus Marseul, 1870, Mylabris calida Pallas, 1782, M. fabricii Sumakov, 1924, M. quadripunctata Linnaeus, 1767, and Stenodera caucasica Pallas, 1781 are distributed throughout Turkey, and Euzonitis sexmaculata Olivier, 1789 is present both in Turkey and all adjacent countries.