Allergy-specific Phenome-Wide Association Study for Immunogenes in Turkish Children

Karaca S., Civelek E., Karaca M., ŞAHİNER Ü. M. , ÖZGÜL R. K. , Kocabas C. N. , ...More

SCIENTIFIC REPORTS, vol.6, 2016 (Journal Indexed in SCI) identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 6
  • Publication Date: 2016
  • Doi Number: 10.1038/srep33152
  • Title of Journal : SCIENTIFIC REPORTS


To dissect the role of immunogenetics in allergy and asthma, we performed a phenome-wide association study in 974 Turkish children selected from a cross-sectional study conducted using ISAAC (International Study of Asthma and Allergies in Children) Phase II tools. We investigated 9 loci involved in different immune functions (ADAM33, ADRB2, CD14, IL13, IL4, IL4R, MS4A2, SERPINE1, and TNF) with respect to 116 traits assessed through blood tests, hypertonic saline challenge tests, questionnaires, and skin prick tests. Multiple associations were observed for ADAM33: rs2280090 was associated with reduced MEF240% (i.e., the ratio of Mean Expiratory Flow after 240s of hypertonic saline inhalation with respect to the age-and ancestry-matched reference value) and with an increased risk of allergic bronchitis (p = 1.77*10(-4) and p = 7.94*10(-4), respectively); rs3918396 was associated with wheezing and eczema comorbidity (p = 3.41*10(-4)). IL4 rs2243250 was associated with increased FEV240 (Forced Expiratory Flow Volume after 240s of hypertonic saline inhalation; p = 4.81*10(-4)) and CD14 rs2569190 was associated with asthma diagnosis (p = 1.36*10(-3)). ADAM33 and IL4 appeared to play a role in the processes linked to allergic airway inflammation and lung function. Due to its association with wheezing and eczema comorbidity, ADAM33 may also be involved in the atopic march.