Geochemical approach to magmatic evolution of Mt Erciyes stratovolcano central Anatolia, Turkey

Kurkcuoglu B. , Sen E. , Aydar E. , Gourgaud A., Gundogdu N.

JOURNAL OF VOLCANOLOGY AND GEOTHERMAL RESEARCH, vol.85, pp.473-494, 1998 (Journal Indexed in SCI) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 85
  • Publication Date: 1998
  • Doi Number: 10.1016/s0377-0273(98)00067-5
  • Page Numbers: pp.473-494


Erciyes stratovolcano, culminating at 3917 m, is located in the Cappadocian region of central Anatolia. During its evolution, this Quaternary volcano produced pyroclastic deposits and lava flows. The great majority of these products are calc-alkaline in character and they constitute Kocdag and Erciyes sequences by repeated activities. Alkaline activity is mainly observed in the first stages of Kocdag and approximately first-middle stages of Erciyes sequences. Generally, Kocdag and Erciyes stages terminate by pyroclastic activities. The composition of lavas ranges from basalt to rhyolite (48.4-70.5 wt.% SiO2). Calc-alkaline rocks are represented mostly by andesites and dacites. Some compositional differences between alkaline basaltic, basaltic and andesitic rocks were found; while the composition of dacites remain unchanged. All these volcanics are generally enriched in LIL and HFS elements relative to the orogenic values except Rb, Ba, Mb depleted alkaline basalt. Sr-87/Sr-86 and Nd-143/Nd-144 isotopic composition of the volcanics range between 0.703344-0.703964, 0.512920-0.512780 for alkaline basalts and change between 0.704322-0.705088, 0.512731-0.512630 for alkaline basaltic rocks whereas calc-alkaline rocks have relatively high Sr and Nd isotopic ratios (0.703434-0.705468, 0.512942-0.512600). Low Rb, Ba, Mb content with high Zr/Nb, low Ba/Nb, La/Yb ratio and low Sr isotopic composition suggest an depleted source component, while high Ba, Rb, Mb content with high La/Yb, Ba/Nb, low Zr/Nb and low Sr-87/Sr-86 ratios indicate an GIB-like mantle source for the generation of Erciyes alkaline magma. These elemental and ratio variations also indicate that the different mantle sources have undergone different degree of partial melting episodes. The depletion in Ba, Rb, Mb content may be explained by the removal of these elements from the source by slab-derived fluids which were released from pre-collisional subduction, modified the asthenospheric mantle. The chemically different mantle sources interacted with crustal materials to produce calc-alkaline magma. The Ba/Nb increase of calc-alkaline samples indicates the increasing input of crustal components to Erciyes volcanics. Sr and Nd isotopic compositions and elevated Ln, and HFS element content imply that calc-alkaline magma may be derived from mixing of an GIB-like mantle melts with a subduction-modified asthenospheric mantle and involvement of crustal materials in intraplate environments. (C) 1998 Elsevier Science B.V. All rights reserved.