DIGESTIVE DISEASES AND SCIENCES, vol.68, no.1, pp.233-239, 2023 (SCI-Expanded)
Background The neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio (NLR) is a simple and inexpensive inflammation biomarker that reflects systemic inflammation based on complete blood count values. Aims In our study, we aimed to compare the NLR values in pediatric inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) and in healthy controls, and to define NLR levels in children with IBD during diagnosis, active disease, and remission. Methods NLR values of patients with IBD at diagnosis, remission, and active disease of the patients were recorded retrospectively. Age- and sex-matched healthy subjects enrolled as the control group. Results Sixty-three patients with IBD and 92 healthy subjects as the control group enrolled. The mean age of the patients with IBD was 9.31 +/- 5.24 years, and 57.1% were males. The mean NLR values of the patients with IBD at diagnosis and remission were significantly higher than that of healthy controls (p < 0.001). The mean NLR values of the patients at diagnosis and active disease were significantly higher than that of during remission (p < 0.001). The best cutoff of NLR for prediction of diagnosis of IBD in children was 1.46 with a sensitivity of 86.2% and specificity of 93.5%. There was no significant difference regarding NLR between patients with IBD with and without associated diseases. At diagnosis the mean NLR level of patients with Crohn's disease was significantly higher than that of ulcerative colitis (p = 0.019). Conclusions It was shown for the first time that NLR levels were significantly increased at diagnosis and active disease of childhood IBD, compared to the remission period. We believe that NLR can be a non-invasive inflammatory biomarker that should be used in the initial evaluation and follow-up of the disease activity in children.