Some industrial wastewaters contain high quantities of salts besides heavy metal ions. The presence of salt ions leads to high ionic strength, which may significantly affect the performance of the biosorption process so the effect of salts on the biosorption of heavy metal ions should be investigated. In this study the biosorption of chromium(VI) from saline solutions on dried Rhizopus arrhizus was studied as a function of pH, initial chromium(VI) and salt (NaCl) concentrations in a batch system. The biosorption capacity of R. arrhizus strongly depended on solution pH and maximum chromium(VI) sorption capacity of sorbent was obtained at pH 2.0 both in the absence and in the presence of increasing concentrations of salt. Chromium(VI)-salt biosorption studies were performed at this pH value. Equilibrium uptakes of chromium(VI) increased with increasing chromium(VI) concentration up to 250 mg 1(-1) and decreased considerably by the presence of increasing concentrations of salt. At 100 mg l(-1), initial chromium(VI) concentration, dried R. arrhizus biosorbed 78.0 mg g(-1) of chromium(VI) in 72 It without salt medium. When salt concentration was raised to 50 g l(-1), this value dropped to 64.0 mg g(-1) of chromium (VI) at the same conditions resulting in 17.9% decrease of biosorption capacity. The equilibrium sorption data were analysed by using Freundlich, Langmuir, Redlich-Peterson and Langmuir-Freundlich (Sips), the two and three parameters adsorption models, using non-linear regression technique and isotherm constants were evaluated depending on salt concentration. The Langmuir-Freundlich (Sips) was the best suitable adsorption model for describing the biosorption of chromium(VI) individually and in salt-containing medium. Pseudo-first-order, pseudo-second-order and saturation type kinetic models described the biosorption kinetics accurately at all chromium(VI) concentrations in the absence and in the presence of changing concentrations of salt. Isotherm and saturation type kinetic constants varied due to the level of salt were expressed as a function of initial salt concentration. (c) 2006 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.