The Search for an Effective Climate Change Public Policy: Can the G-20 Countries Guide the Rest of the World?

Erdoğan E., Sadioğlu U.

Kent Akademisi (Online), vol.16, no.3, pp.1796-1819, 2023 (Peer-Reviewed Journal) identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 16 Issue: 3
  • Publication Date: 2023
  • Doi Number: 10.35674/kent.1283575
  • Journal Name: Kent Akademisi (Online)
  • Journal Indexes: TR DİZİN (ULAKBİM)
  • Page Numbers: pp.1796-1819
  • Hacettepe University Affiliated: Yes


Climate change debates and policy making efforts -despite criticism of being inadequate- have recently covered the agenda of many policy actors including governments, non-governmental organizations, private sector and international organizations. Among these actors, G20 members can serve as a policy R&D center that sets an example for the rest of the world due to their strong economic and human capital. In this context, the climate policy outputs of the G20 countries were analyzed using the content analysis methodology, based on the policy orientations created within the scope of the research. The benchmark countries in the field of climate change were determined as a result of the multi-criteria analysis, and the policy patterns of these countries were comparatively analyzed. The policy transfer opportunity for other countries, especially developing countries, was discussed. Accordingly, the necessity of developing resilience in adaptation policies and the importance of establishing carbon budgets, planning a comprehensive energy transformation, integrating transportation policies with the energy sector, prioritizing principles such as public interest and transparency, and utilizing market and financial instruments effectively in mitigation policies have emerged.