Evaluation of manual dexterity when using a mirror of dental students and academicians with increasing professional experience


European Journal of Dental Education, 2023 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Publication Date: 2023
  • Doi Number: 10.1111/eje.12965
  • Journal Name: European Journal of Dental Education
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus, Academic Search Premier, EBSCO Education Source, EMBASE, MEDLINE, Public Affairs Index
  • Keywords: dental mirror, dentist, manual dexterity, professional experience
  • Hacettepe University Affiliated: Yes


Introduction: To evaluate the manual dexterity of dentistry students and academicians when using a mirror according to increasing professional experience. Materials and Methods: The study included 72 subjects, grouped according to professional experience 5th year dentistry students (DS) accepted as no experience—academicians with 1–4 years experience (A5L)—academicians with ≥5 years experience (A5M). Direct and indirect visualisation using the mirror was evaluated with the completion times of the O'Connor Finger Dexterity Test. Results: The hand grip strength values of both left and right hand were found to be statistically significantly higher in all the males than in the females (p <.05). The indirect test times (ITT) using the mirror were significantly longer for males than for females (p =.001), and no significant difference was determined between the genders in the direct test times (DTT) (p >.05). For all the study participants, DTT shortened as professional experience increased (p <.05). In addition, the mean values of both DTT (p =.031) and ITT (p =.028) in the DS group were statistically significantly longer than the A5M group. Conclusion: With increasing professional experience, manual dexterity was determined to increase, and females were found to be more successful in the direct manual dexterity tests independently of the groups. The statistical significance between the DS and A5M groups, especially in the hand dexterity test with a mirror, shows the importance of experience. The study results demonstrated that professional manual dexterity in dentistry can be developed with increasing practical application.