Relationship between upper extremity kinesthetic sense and writing performance by students with low vision

AKI E., Atasavun S., Kayihan H.

PERCEPTUAL AND MOTOR SKILLS, vol.106, no.3, pp.963-966, 2008 (Peer-Reviewed Journal) identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 106 Issue: 3
  • Publication Date: 2008
  • Doi Number: 10.2466/pms.106.3.963-966
  • Journal Indexes: Social Sciences Citation Index, Scopus
  • Page Numbers: pp.963-966


Kinesthetic sense plays an important role in writing. Children with low vision lack sensory input from the environment given their loss of vision. This study assessed the effect of upper extremity kinesthetic sense on writing function in two groups, one of students with low vision (9 girls and 11 boys, 9.4 +/- 1.9 yr. of age) and one of sighted students (10 girls and 10 boys, 10.1 +/- 1.3 yr. of age). All participants were given the Kinesthesia Test and Jebsen Hand Function Test-Writing subtest. Students with low vision scored lower on kinesthetic perception and writing performance than sighted peers. The correlation between scores for writing performance and upper extremity kinesthetic sense in the two groups was significant (r = -.34). The probability of deficiencies in kinesthetic information in students with low vision must be remembered.