Dislocation after total hip arthroplasty: does head size really matter?


ERTAŞ E. S. , TOKGÖZOĞLU A. M.

HIP INTERNATIONAL, 2020 (Journal Indexed in SCI) identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume:
  • Publication Date: 2020
  • Doi Number: 10.1177/1120700019898404
  • Title of Journal : HIP INTERNATIONAL

Abstract

Introduction: Recent advances in polyethylene and ceramic technologies has allowed us to use larger sized heads without compromising the wear properties of a total hip arthroplasty (THA). 1 benefit of this change has been proposed to be a lower incidence of dislocation. Methods: We retrospectively evaluated the dislocation rate in 913 THAs performed using the same standardised surgical technique employed by a single team of surgeons at our institution between 1995 and 2015. Patients were assigned to 2 groups: small (<= 28 mm), large diameter heads (> 36 mm and larger). The cup position was measured and plotted to determine its status according to the Lewinnek's safe zone (15 degrees +/- 10 degrees for anteversion, 40 degrees +/- 10 degrees for inclination). Results: 16 of the 472 small heads dislocated (3.4%) while 5 of the 441 in large head group (1.1%) (p = 0.04). In all of the large head patients that dislocated the cup position was in the safe range of Lewinnek. However, in the large head group only 64.5% of the cups were in the safe zone. Conclusions: By changing the head size to 36 mm, we were able to decrease the dislocation rate significantly. Errors of cup positioning according to Lewinnek became oblivious when using large heads. In our opinion, using large heads in THA makes a difference in terms of dislocation.