This study examined the sociological effects of labor migration from Turkey to Western Europe. Sending workers abroad with the purpose of country development, and its' social effects, have been examined through five periods from 1950s to the present: (1) the migration of individuals, firm & institutional migrations and bilateral agreements, (2) family reunification, (3) return policies, (4) dual citizenship and its' discussions (5) integration and return to the policy of assimilation. Labor migration from Turkey to Western European countries, has led to changes in different areas at different times. These changes took place both in Western European countries where they live and Turkey where they left well behind. Some of the major changes occurred in family, educational and economical institutions.