How Does Sleep Affect Recall Error?: A Complex Sample Design Adjusted Analysis from 2010 American Time Use Survey

Ellyne L., Saraç M.

2022 AAPOR Annual Conference, Illinois, United States Of America, 11 - 13 May 2022

  • Publication Type: Conference Paper / Unpublished
  • City: Illinois
  • Country: United States Of America
  • Hacettepe University Affiliated: Yes


Although 24-hour time-use diaries are designed to minimize recall error, respondents are nevertheless likely to encounter episodic memory failures when recalling their previous day’s activities.  From total survey error (TSE) perspective, recall error and factors affecting it should be well-investigated to achieve high quality time-use statistics. The current study therefore examines the incidence of recall error in the ATUS in the U.S. population and investigates the impact of respondent ability, including sleep deficiency and sleep onset, and motivation on the likelihood of recall error. Proportion tests and logistic analyses were carried out taking complex sample design of the 2010 ATUS into account so that inference applies to U.S. residents aged 15 and over living in occupied households. This study found that 16.6% of the general population are likely to commit recall errors in the 2010 ATUS and that the strongest predictors of recall error are busyness and labor force status.  These results would warrant programming more recall cues or interview warnings to slow interview speed and double check CATI system entries to help interviewers obtain better quality responses from individuals who are busier than average or are either unemployed or out of the labor force.