In line with colonialism in the 19th century, Western countries, especially Russia and England, which were seeking to hold sway in the Balkans, the Middle East and the Mediterranean, took destructive actions against the Ottoman Empire. As a part of their enlargement policy, they provoked the Armenians living within the borders of the Ottoman State to rebel for a new state. The Armenians started to migrate to Russian territories and other countries as a result of the Ottoman-Russian wars in the 19th century and early 20th century. Following World War II, the Soviet Union instigated operations for the immigration of Armenians all over the world to Soviet Armenia so as to gain territory from Turkish borders. Although the Soviets and some Armenian organizations tried to forge the idea of an 'artificial Armenia', this proved to be a distant dream not only because it did not make much sense to many Armenians but also because the Armenians who migrated to this homeland could not find what they expected there.