PEDIATRIC NEUROSURGERY, vol.42, no.2, pp.89-94, 2006 (SCI-Expanded)
Eighty-six patients under 3 years of age with central nervous system tumors were retrospectively analyzed between 1972 and 2003. Surgical resection was done in all patients except for those with optic glioma, pons glioma and pineal tumor. Three different chemotherapy regimens were used in different time periods. In 48 patients, the tumor was located in the posterior fossa, and 29 patients had a supratentorial tumor. We had 32 (37.2%) patients with embryonic tumors (21 medulloblastoma, 4 ependymoblastoma, 5 with atypical teratoid rhabdoid and 2 with supratentorial primitive neuroectodermal tumors), 21 (24.4%) with ependymoma, 14 (16.3%) with optic glioma, 10 (11.6%) with astrocytoma, 3 (3.5%) with pons glioma and 6 (7.0%) with others. Overall (OS) and event-free survival rates were 49.5 and 40.9%. OS rates according to the tumor localizations were 40.9 and 68.1% in the posterior fossa and supratentorial localizations, respectively (p = 0.001). OS rates were 33.7, 41.3 and 88.8% for the medulloblastoma + primitive neuroectodermal tumor groups, ependymoma and astrocytoma, respectively (p = 0.0001). Most of the patients had primitive embryonic tumors (37.2%). The best prognostic factors were tumor localization and histology.