Domain state-dependent magnetic formation of Fe3O4 nanoparticles analyzed via magnetic resonance

CAN M. M., Coskun M., FIRAT T.

JOURNAL OF NANOPARTICLE RESEARCH, vol.13, no.10, pp.5497-5505, 2011 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 13 Issue: 10
  • Publication Date: 2011
  • Doi Number: 10.1007/s11051-011-0537-2
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus
  • Page Numbers: pp.5497-5505
  • Hacettepe University Affiliated: Yes


Magnetic properties, arising from surface exchange and interparticle interactions of the Fe3O4 (magnetite) nanoparticles, were investigated in the temperature range of 5-300 and 120-300 K using vibrating sample magnetometer technique and electron spin resonance spectroscopy, respectively. The research was based on to figure out the origin of intraparticle interactions and the change of interparticle interactions in wide size range Fe3O4 nanoparticles. The analyses were done for samples having almost same particle size distributions. The average particle sizes were changed in between 30 +/- A 2 and 34 +/- A 2 nm. The observed magnetization values were demonstrated the mixture of single-domain size particles, exhibiting both single-domain (SD) and superparamagnetic (SPM) states. The symmetry of resonance curves changed according to the ratio of SD and SPM-stated particles in mixture under located temperature. The changes of anisotropy up to domain state were understood by freezing magnetic moment in glycerol matrix from room temperature to 120 K under 5-kG field. The shift of H (R) values to higher magnetic fields and the more symmetric resonance spectrum proved the effect of anisotropy and interparticle interactions fields on magnetic behave. In addition, the origin of intra-interaction was exposed from Fe3+ centers and exchange coupling in between Fe2+, Fe3+, and O-, and Fe3+ centers found from g factor (g).