The development of modern mass armies not only created obedient (law-abiding) citizens but also led to the emergence of deserters and rebels. This is a natural consequence of having warfare and the army. During the National Struggle Era (19191923), as the legacy of World War I (1914-14)- in an environment of disintegration caused by distrust and uncertainty- the biggest reason of the Army's weakness had been deserters. Not only that, army deserters had also constituted the manpower of the rebellions. Thus, they started to threaten the internal and external security behind the battlefront. In this paper, relying on historical evidence, it is aimed at assessing the issue of army deserters, who have also created security vulnerabilities and authority problems, within the context of motives, processes and consequences. Throughout the history, these deserters have been regarded just as figures who initiated the establishment of the Independence Tribunals. In this paper, these people are examined not just as criminals but also as individuals.