Influence of sn-1,3-lipase-catalysed interesterification on the oxidative stability of soybean oil-based structured lipids


JOURNAL OF THE SCIENCE OF FOOD AND AGRICULTURE, vol.87, no.1, pp.90-97, 2007 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier


The oxidative stability of structured lipids (SLs) synthesised by specific sn-1,3-lipase catalysed interesterification of soybean oil (SBO) with caprylic acid (CA) in a stirred batch reactor was studied. SLs contained considerable amounts of tocopherol (TOH) isomers, although they lost almost 25% of endogenous TOHs during production. The effects of the addition of different TOH homologues (alpha, beta, gamma, delta), ascorbyl palmitate (AP, 200 ppm), lecithin (Le, 1000 ppm), butylated hydroxytoluene (BHT, 100 ppm) and butylated hydroxyanisole (BHA, 100 ppm) on the oxidative stability of SLs were investigated. Induction time (IT) of SBO, determined by the Rancimat method, decreased from 8.4 to 5.8 h at 110 degrees C after the modification. On the other hand, purified SLs and purified SBO had the same IT due to the tocopherol reduction during silica purification. No significant difference was observed between IT of SLs and SLs plus different a-tocopherol concentrations (50, 100, 150, 200, 300, 500 and 1000 ppm) (P > 0.05). However, the addition of Le and/or AP significantly improved oxidative stability of purified SLs and SBO. The ternary blend containing delta-TOH, AP and Le had higher IT than ternary blends of alpha-TOH, beta-TOH or gamma-TOH. Furthermore, ternary blend containing BHA, AP and Le had higher IT than ternary blends of BHT, AP and Le. In addition, there was an increase in peroxide value (PV), conjugated diene (CD) content and p-anisidine value (AV) during oxidation of oils at 60 degrees C. Antioxidant mixtures of alpha-TOH (50 ppm) and delta-TOH (500 ppm) with AP and Le decreased PV, CD and AV effectively. (c) 2006 Society of Chemical Industry.