"Gelisi Guzel Kelimeler" in a Perspective of Semantics


MILLI FOLKLOR, vol.2022, no.133, pp.29-40, 2022 (AHCI) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 2022 Issue: 133
  • Publication Date: 2022
  • Journal Name: MILLI FOLKLOR
  • Journal Indexes: Arts and Humanities Citation Index (AHCI), Scopus, Academic Search Premier, International Bibliography of Social Sciences, Linguistics & Language Behavior Abstracts, MLA - Modern Language Association Database, Sociological abstracts, TR DİZİN (ULAKBİM)
  • Page Numbers: pp.29-40
  • Keywords: "Gelisi Guzel Kelimeler", ocal Oguz, semiotics, semantics, cultural semantics, lexiculture
  • Hacettepe University Affiliated: Yes


Turning from sign analysis to text, from text to culture analysis, semiotics tends to examine cultural phenomena and their appearance in different societies. Using the data of cultural semiotics, semantics tries to comprehend the semantic focus particularly by making use of the theoretical data of Francois Rastier under the title of interpretive semantics. Parallel to the semantic analysis studies carried out by Algirdas Julien Greimas under the heading of structural semantics, interpretive semantics texts then, reveal methodological data that will be used to analyze the cultures of societies. Inspired by the pioneering analysis of Iouri Lotman and Boris Ouspenski in their Semiotique de la Culture Russe (Semiotics of Russian Culture), and regarded as being among the representatives of such an approach in France, Greimas and Rastier, consider culture as a factor dissolved in the text. According to this point of view, the understanding that semiotic forms are mean-ingful forms is adopted. For Greimas, cultural facts are embedded in the text in the form of conceptual and ideological models. Francois Rastier, who develops the definitions of Greimas, offers ways of analysis for the semiotics of cultures as a domain of knowledge, which is established by linguists such as Saussure and Hjelmslev, under the title of semantics of the text and connects the features of languages to the characteristics of what is called "symbolic forms" by Cassirer and their cultural formations. Bringing his semantic theory together with culture science, Rastier goes beyond Greimas's approach that reduces meaning to lexicographic units and brings together the semantics of text with cultural semiotics in an interpretative phenomenon, and suggests some criteria for a cultural semiotics: for example, scripting and interpretive analysis of texts are among the criteria. This step, which is based on analyzing the semantics considering the context, is based on determining the distinctive features of the text in question. It also describes the values in the text without suggesting value judgments in the description phase. In the determination of meaning, it takes both the elements with semantic features and images into consideration. While doing these, he adheres to a comparative and differential attitude, thinking that culture can only be understood as an intercultural phenomenon. Within these criteria, it should not be forgotten that words as semantic units employ an effective function together with their cultural background that is beyond being simple indicators of textuality. Such semantic units, which are seen as cultural words (fr. lexiculture), can be evaluated from a cultural semantic perspective. We will use this approach, which makes use of the stereotypical data of semiotics, in Ocal Oguz's book called Gelisi Guzel Kelimeler (Random Words). We will focus on a number of semantic extremes without using all the criteria of cultural semantics in the context of a writing. Our aim is to put into practice the data used in the cultural semantics perspective to a certain extent and to present an analysis proposal.