Impact of School Type On Student Academic Achievement

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Cansiz M., Ozbaylanli B., Colakoglu M. H.

EGITIM VE BILIM-EDUCATION AND SCIENCE, vol.44, no.197, pp.275-314, 2019 (SSCI) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 44 Issue: 197
  • Publication Date: 2019
  • Doi Number: 10.15390/eb.2019.7378
  • Journal Indexes: Social Sciences Citation Index (SSCI), Scopus, TR DİZİN (ULAKBİM)
  • Page Numbers: pp.275-314
  • Hacettepe University Affiliated: Yes


This study aims to investigate the causal effects of school type on the student achievement. Schools type involves two categories: public schools and private schools; whereas student achievement is defined in terms of an overall measure named as Basis for Admission Score (BAS), which is a weighted score reflecting both the grades obtained from courses in each school and the points obtained at nation-wide centralized exams. Factors used as controls in the study include gender of the student, parental attributes (are they alive and live together; their levels of education and occupations), type of the house (own/rent/public housing), separate room of the student, city the family lives in and the level of development of the geographical region. This study utilizes a dataset comprising 3,752,374 secondary school students, which covers all of the student population of Turkish secondary schools within 2014-2016 period. This comprehensive dataset is utilized for the first time in such a study.