Immunoglobulin G recognition with F-ab fragments imprinted monolithic cryogels: Evaluation of the effects of metal-ion assisted-coordination of template molecule


ASLIYÜCE ÇOBAN S., UZUN L., SAY R., DENİZLİ A.

REACTIVE & FUNCTIONAL POLYMERS, vol.73, no.6, pp.813-820, 2013 (Peer-Reviewed Journal) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 73 Issue: 6
  • Publication Date: 2013
  • Doi Number: 10.1016/j.reactfunctpolym.2013.03.009
  • Journal Name: REACTIVE & FUNCTIONAL POLYMERS
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded, Scopus
  • Page Numbers: pp.813-820

Abstract

In this study, we applied the epitope imprinting approach to prepare molecularly imprinted monolithic cryogels for immunoglobulin G (IgG) recognition. In this respect, we imprinted F-ab fragments of IgG molecules instead of intact protein molecules via two different non-covalent interactions. In the first approach, we directly coordinated F-ab fragments with N-methacryloyl-L-histidine (MAH), polymerizable derivative of L-histidine, but for the second, we used cupric ions [Cu(II)] as mediator between MAH and F-ab fragments. The monolithic cryogels were characterized by Fourier transform infrared (FTIR) spectroscopy, swelling test, and scanning electron microscopy. Then, the monolithic cryogels were used for F-ab fragment adsorption from aqueous solution while evaluating the factors such as pH and F-ab fragment concentration affecting on adsorption process in continuous set-up. After that, monolithic cryogels were used for IgG adsorption by varying pH, IgG concentration, flowrate, and temperature in appropriate ranges. Maximum IgG adsorption capacities were determined as 32.4 mg/g and 49.0 mg/g for directly coordinated cryogel (MIPDirect) and Cu(II) assisted cryogel (MIPCu(II) (assisted)), respectively. Non-imprinted monolithic cryogels were also prepared for control purposes. In addition to F-ab fragments and IgG molecules, albumin and F-c fragment of IgG molecules were used as competitor biomolecules in order to investigate the selectivity gained by imprinting process. Relative selectivity constants were calculated as 1.47, 2.64 and 3.89 for MIPDirect and 2.90, 8.98, and 11.51 for MIPCu(II) (assisted) for F-ab/IgG, F-ab/F-c, and F-ab/albumin as biomolecule pairs, respectively. The desorption efficiency and reusability of MIPCu(II) assisted cryogel were better than that of MIPDirect. The results reported here showed that the metal ion assistance improved the selectivity features of the imprinted cryogels and allowed to study under milder conditions with enhanced adsorptive properties. (C) 2013 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.