Silver sulfide coated alginate radioenhancer for enhanced X-ray radiation therapy of breast cancer

Mousazadeh N., Seidi F., Ghaffarlou M., Rashidzadeh H., Hosseinmirzaei A., Mozafari F., ...More

International Journal of Biological Macromolecules, vol.234, 2023 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 234
  • Publication Date: 2023
  • Doi Number: 10.1016/j.ijbiomac.2023.123636
  • Journal Name: International Journal of Biological Macromolecules
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus, Academic Search Premier, BIOSIS, Biotechnology Research Abstracts, CAB Abstracts, Chemical Abstracts Core, EMBASE, Food Science & Technology Abstracts, INSPEC, MEDLINE, Veterinary Science Database
  • Keywords: Radiotherapy, Radiosensitizer, Breast Cancer, Nanoparticle, Alginate, Silver
  • Hacettepe University Affiliated: Yes


A wide range of high-Z nanomaterials are fabricated to decrease radiation dose by sensitizing cells to irradiation through various mechanisms such as ROS generation enhancement. Alginate-coated silver sulfide nanoparticles (Ag2S@Alg) were synthesized and characterized by SEM, TEM, DLS, XRD, EPS, FT-IR, and UV–vis analysis techniques. Cytotoxicity of nanoparticles was tested against HFF-2, MCF-7, and 4 T1 cell lines for biocompatibility and radio enhancement ability evaluation, respectively. Moreover, the hemolysis assay demonstrated that the nanoparticles were biocompatible and nontoxic. In vitro intracellular ROS generation and calcein AM/PI co-staining unveiled cancerous cell death induction by nanoradiosensitizer, Ag2S@Alg. Further, histopathology results emphasized the tumor ablation capability of Ag2S@Alg. Silver anticancer properties were also recognized and combined with its radiosensitizing effect under X-ray irradiation.