Biosorption of mercury by carboxymethylcellulose and immobilized Phanerochaete chrysosporium


Saglam A. , Yalcinkaya Y., Denizli A., Arica M., Genc O., Bektas S.

MICROCHEMICAL JOURNAL, vol.71, no.1, pp.73-81, 2002 (Journal Indexed in SCI) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 71 Issue: 1
  • Publication Date: 2002
  • Doi Number: 10.1016/s0026-265x(01)00142-4
  • Title of Journal : MICROCHEMICAL JOURNAL
  • Page Numbers: pp.73-81

Abstract

Phanerochaete chrysosporium basidiospores immobilized onto carboxymethylcellulose were used for the removal of mercury ions from aqueous solutions. The biosorption of Hg(II) ions onto carboxymethylcellulose and both immobilized live and heat-inactivated fungal mycelia of Phanerochaete chrysosporium was studied using aqueous solutions in the concentration range 30-700 mg l(-1). The biosorption of Hg(II) ions by the carboxymethylcellulose and both live and heat-inactivated immobilized preparations increased as the initial concentration of mercury ions increased in the medium. Maximum biosorption capacity for immobilized live and heat-inactivated fungal mycelia of Phanerochaete chrysosporium was found to be 83.10 and 102.15 mg Hg(II) g(-1), respectively, whereas the amount of Hg(II) ions adsorbed onto the plain carboxymethylcellulose beads was 39.42 mg g(-1). Biosorption equilibria were established in approximately 1 h and the correlation regression coefficients show that the adsorption process can be well defined by a Langmuir equation. Temperature changes between 15 and 45 C did not affect the biosorption capacity. The effect of pH was also investigated and the maximum adsorption of Hg(II) ions onto the carboxymethylcellulose and both live and heat-inactivated immobilized fungal mycelia was observed at pH 6.0. The carboxymethylcellulose-fungus beads could be regenerated using 10 mM HCl, with up to 95% recovery. The biosorbents were used in three biosorption-desorption cycles and no significant loss in the biosorption capacity was observed. (C)2002 Elsevier Science B.V All rights reserved.