Purpose There are three anastomoses between the ophthalmic artery (OA) and the middle meningeal artery (MMA): the anastomotic branch with MMA, the recurrent meningeal branch and the anterior falx artery. We aimed to evaluate the anastomotic branches between the OA and the MMA on superselective angiograms of pediatric patients with retinoblastoma. Materials and methods We evaluated 126 angiographies performed on children with retinoblastoma. The mean diameter and angiographic visibility percentage of the anastomotic branches between the OA and the MMA were examined according to age group and sex. Results The mean diameter of anastomotic branch with MMA was measured 0.58 +/- 0.13 mm and we found this branch in 15 of 126 angiographic images (11.9%). We detected the recurrent meningeal branch in 47 of total images (37.3%). The recurrent meningeal branch arose 85.1% from the lacrimal artery, 8.5% from the anastomotic branch with MMA and 6.4% directly from the OA. The mean diameter of this artery was measured 0.21 +/- 0.06 mm. Anterior falx artery was found in 86 of 126 angiographic peocedures (68.3%) and the mean diameter was measured 0.22 +/- 0.06 mm. Conclusion Knowledge of the anastomoses between the OA and the MMA system are all necessary to perform safe and successful endovascular and surgical procedures involving the orbital region.